C. Fred Bergsten has been director of the Institute for International Economics since its creation in 1981. He is also chairman of the "Shadow G-8," which advises the G-8 countries on their annual summit meetings. He was chairman of the Competitiveness Policy Council, which was created by Congress, throughout its existence from 1991 to 1995 and chairman of the APEC Eminent Persons Group throughout its existence from 1993 to 1995. He was assistant secretary for international affairs of the US Treasury (1977-81); assistant for international economic affairs to Dr. Henry Kissinger at the National Security Council (1969-71); and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution (1972-76), the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1981), and the Council on Foreign Relations (1967-68). He is the author, coauthor, or editor of 34 books on a wide range of international economic issues, including United States and the World Economy (2004), Dollar Adjustment: How Far? Against What? (2004), Dollar Overvaluation and the World Economy (2003), No More Bashing: Building a New Japan-United States Economic Relationship (2001), Global Economic Leadership and the Group of Seven (1996), and The Dilemmas of the Dollar (2d ed, 1996).Bergsten, C. Fred is the author of 'United States And The World Economy Foreign Economic Policy For The Next Decade', published 2005 under ISBN 9780881323801 and ISBN 0881323802.