In response to international pressure to eliminate opium from the Golden Triangle, Burma has announced harsh measures for all illicit poppy production. But the enforcement of the ban on opium will directly threaten the livelihoods of some 250,000 families in Shan State that depend on the opium economy. The creation of alternative livelihoods has not kept pace with opium eradication. A humanitarian crisis looms, jeopardizing the fragile social stability in the cease-fire regions. What alternatives do these families have for their survival?Jelsma, Martin is the author of 'Trouble in the Triangle Opium And Conflict in Burma' with ISBN 9789749575895 and ISBN 974957589X.