Ralph Ellisonwas born in Oklahoma City in 1914. He is the author of the novel Invisible Man (1952), winner of the National Book Award and one of the most important and influential American novels of the twentieth century, as well as numerous essays and short stories. He died in New York City in 1994. John F. Callahan is Morgan S. Odell Professor of Humanities at Lewis and Clark College in Portland, Oregon. He is the editor of the Modern Library edition of The Collected Essays of Ralph Ellison and is literary executor of Ralph Ellison's estate. From the Hardcover edition.Ellison, Ralph is the author of 'Three Days Before the Shooting . . . (Modern Library)', published 2010 under ISBN 9780375759536 and ISBN 0375759530.