Now with hundreds of new images, this core text focuses on the two main divisions within sonography: general/abdominal and obstetric/gynecologic. It also provides coverage of vascular ultrasound and an introduction to echocardiography. While the abdominal and vascular sections are organized by body systems, OB/GYN uses a chronologic approach to development during pregnancy and an anatomic approach to gynecologic pathology. Each chapter covers patient history; normal anatomy, including cross-sectional anatomy; ultrasound techniques; pathology; and related laboratory findings. Ultrasound Tips offer practical, easy-to-find information on scanning techniques. Full-color presentation includes line art, design, and color scans, enhancing the visual appeal and teaching value of the text. Pathology tables present clinical findings, lab findings, sonography findings, and differential considerations. Key Terms and Definitions at beginning of each chapter highlight the most important information. Chapter Objectives and Review Questions open each chapter, and short-answer and essay questions are provided at the end. New chapters cover the following: Introduction to Physical Findings includes assessment, lab values, and disease principles as they relate to sonography Contrast Applications in the Abdomen Invasive/Intraoperative Procedures in the Abdomen Emergent Ultrasound Procedures Musculoskeletal System Neonatal Hips Neonatal Spine Sonographic Evaluation for Infertility Sonographic 3D/4D Evaluation of Fetal Anomalies Basic and Professional Competencies in Sonography and Standards of Practice Hemodynamics Portal Hypertension HIPAA coverage provides information on how these new regulations affect the clinical environment. Ergonomics coverage emphasizes proper scanning technique, helping to avoid injuries from poor ergonomics and repetitive motion. Updated sonograms include hundreds of new images from state-of-the-art ultrasound equipment.Hagen-Ansert, Sandra L. is the author of 'Textbook of Diagnostic Ultrasonography ', published 2006 under ISBN 9780323028035 and ISBN 0323028039.