Special features set this book apart: 1. Goals and Objectives and suggested skill hierarchies are given for each approach in four levels--early elementary, upper elementary, middle school-high school, and university. 2. Detailed teaching techniques show how to use each method at each level. 3. Sample lesson plans include numerous musical examples. 4. National Standards are described and discussed. 5. Suggestions are given for appropriate use of technology in the study of music. 6. The four methods are compared in their approach to creating, moving, singing and playing, musical reading and writing, and performing and listening. 7. A brief history of music education in North America relates the acceptance and spread of these four approaches.Choksy, Lois is the author of 'Teaching Music in the Twenty-First Century', published 2000 under ISBN 9780130280275 and ISBN 0130280275.