This practical, reader-friendly textbook for pre-service early childhood educators describes all of the major approaches and strategies for teaching beginning literacy to young children. It provides classroom-tested games, strategies, and reproducibles for teaching all of the word identification and comprehension techniques, including graphophonic (phonic) analysis and higher levels of comprehension. Strategies and materials for teaching listening skills, oral language skills, writing skills, and spelling skills to young children are included. Norm-referenced and informal means of assessment including authentic assessment are described. Strategies and materials for teaching literacy skills to children with many types of special needs is a major strength of the text as is the comprehensive description of all the major literacy approaches including the whole language approach , the language experience approach, the basal reader approach, and systematic phonics.Miller, Wilma H. is the author of 'Strategies for Developing Emergent Literacy', published 1999 under ISBN 9780072893724 and ISBN 0072893729.