These papers are centered on the Crown of Aragon in the later Middle Ages, its achievements (the more remarkable given the very evident problems with which it was beset), and especially on its role in the Mediterranean. Hence the emphasis on Majorca, its leading intellectual figure, Ramon Lull (1232-1316), and his influence, and related to these the article on Thomas Aquinas. Other studies deal with the relations of Christians and Jews in Majorca, down to the Expulsion from Spain. In these papers Professor Hillgarth seeks to investigate the transmission of learning and how what is transmitted may be put to use in a new context, and also to question a number of current assumptions as to the nature of Spanish history.J. N. Hillgarth is the author of 'Spain and the Mediterranean in the Later Middle Ages: Studies in Political and Intellectual History (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 764)' with ISBN 9780860789123 and ISBN 0860789128.