Contents I. Contexts of Literacy Instruction in a Technological Age 1. Content Area Literacy in a Changing World Literacy Demands on Secondary School Students Literacy Lens--The Content Areas Reading Instruction in the Content Area Curriculum Reading Performance and Standards 2. Integrating Technology in Content Area Literacy Instruction Building on Past Experiences with Technology Working with Newer Technologies Evaluating Literacy Applications Advantages of Technology in the Classroom Integrating Technology into the Curriculum Perspective on Technology Use for Literacy Learning Tomorrow II. Strategies for Learning: Constructing Meaning and Studying 3. A Conceptual Approach to Developing Meaningful Vocabulary Word Knowledge How Do Students Learn Words and Concepts? Multiple Intelligences and Vocabulary Learning Creating Effective Vocabulary Instruction Conceptual Relationships Contextual Connections A Conceptual, Contextualized Approach to the Instruction of Specific Words Additional Strategies for Students' Vocabulary Learning 4. The Process of Constructing Meaning in Texts Multiple Literacies and Reading Comprehension Cognitive and Linguistic Components of Comprehension The Contexts of Reading Comprehension 5. Strategies for Constructing Meaning in Texts Strategic Readers Teaching Strategies Authentic Reading Tasks Strategies to Increase Comprehension Enhancing Comprehension Before, During, and After Reading 6. Location and Organization of Information Location Skills Organizational Skills 7. Reading-Study Strategies for Textbook Use Preparation for Study Importance of a Study Method Reading to Follow Directions Graphic Aids Adjusting Rate to Fit Purpose and Materials Retention Test Taking III. Applying Literacy Instruction in the Content Areas 8. Writing in the Content Areas The Relationships Among Reading, Writing, and Thinking The Process Approach to Writing in the Content Areas Types of Writing-to-Learn in the Content Areas Evaluation of Writing 9. Literature-Based and Thematic Approaches to Content Area Teaching Values and Uses of Literature in the Secondary School Curriculum Literature Instruction Activities to Encourage Students' Response to Literature Developing Thematic Teaching Units 10. Reading in the Content Areas: I Introduction to Reading Content Material Content Area Discourse Content Strategies and Assignments Content Text Structures Integrated Curriculum Social Studies Content Science and Health Content Mathematics Content English (Language Arts) Content Foreign Languages 11. Reading in the Content Areas: II Literacy for Career-Related Education Applications of Literacy Strategies IV. Instruction and Assessment of All Learners 12. Literacy Instruction for Diverse Students Challenged Learners in Content Classes Challenges for Secondary Students with Special Needs Collaboration Between Content Teachers and Special Education Teachers Students Learning English as a Second Language Teaching Students with Special Learning Needs in the Content Areas Content Instruction for ESL Students 13. Classroom Literacy Assessment Norm-Referenced Tests Criterion-Referenced Tests Classroom-Based Assessments Assessing the Readability of Printed Materials Computer Applications to AssessmentPaul C. Burns is the author of 'Secondary School Literarcy Instruction, Seventh Edition', published 2000 under ISBN 9780618042937 and ISBN 0618042938.