Howard Abadinsky is professor of criminal justice at St. Johnrs"s University. He was an inspector for the Cook County, Illinois, Sheriffrs"s Office for eight years and a New York State parole officer and senior parole officer for fifteen years. The author holds a B.A. from Queens College of the City University of New York, an M.S.W. from Fordham University, and a Ph.D. from New York University. He is the author of several books, includingOrganized Crime, 8 th ed.,Law and Justice, 6 th ed., andDrug Abuse, 6 th ed. Dr. Abadinsky encourages communication about his work and can be reached at St. Johnrs"s University. 8000 Utopia Parkway, Jamaica, NY 11439; firstname.lastname@example.org.Abadinsky, Howard is the author of 'Probation and Parole', published 2008 under ISBN 9780132350051 and ISBN 013235005X.