The theory of polynomials constitutes an essential part of university of algebra and calculus. Nevertheless, there are very few books entirely devoted to this theory. This book provides an exposition of the main results in the theory of polynomials, both classical and modern. Many of the modern results have only been published in journals so far. Considerable attention is given to Hilbert's 17th problem on the representation of non-negative polynomials by the sums of squares of rational functions and its generalizations. Galois theory is discussed primarily from the point of view of the theory of polynomials, not from that of the general theory of fields and their extensions.Prasolov, Victor V. is the author of 'Polynomials', published 2004 under ISBN 9783540407140 and ISBN 3540407146.