Born 1932 in Detroit, Michigan, attended public schools in Dearborn. B.A. in English from the University of Michigan (1954), Woodrow Wilson Fellowship to Stanford University. 1955-56, producer of educational television for the University of Michigan. M.A. Stanford 1960, Ph.D. Stanford 1962. Teaching at Bowdoin College, Princeton University, University of California at Berkeley, Hull University (England), and since 1970 at Southern Methodist University. Fulbright lectureship at University of Bucharest (Romania) 1969-70. Published THE FORM OF POETRY (Macmillan, 1966). Joined Laurence Perrine in preparing revised editions of SOUND AND SENSE, STORY AND STRUCTURE, Literature: STRUCTURE, SOUND, AND SENSE beginning in 1982. Became sole author of the books in 1997, and then was joined as co-author by Greg Johnson in 2002.Greg Johnson is the author of 'Perrine's Text, School Binding', published 2000 under ISBN 9780030644214 and ISBN 0030644216.