It is a widely shared assumption that science and religion are fundamentally opposed to each other. Yet, recent historiography has shown that religious belief needs to be added to the social, economic, political, and other cultural factors that went into the making of modern science. This new collection shows religious ideas not only motivated scientific effort but also shaped the actual content of major scientific theories. The fourteen studies contained in this volume concentrate on such topics as the theological facets of modern astronomy in the works of Galileo, Kepler, and Newton; the retention of teleology in the natural philosophy of Boyle; and the theistic and teleological associations of the modern theory of evolution authored by Darwin and Wallace. While the majority of the contributions focus on the Christian traditions, the collection also contains case-studies of Judaic and Islamic influences. Reflecting the fecundity of contemporary scholarship, the current volume should be of extraordinary interest to historians of science, scientists, as well as anyone intrigued by the many ways in which relations between religion and science have been constructed. Contributors include: Peter Barker, John Hedley Brooke, Geoffrey Cantor, Margaret G. Cook, Michael J. Crowe, Thomas Dixon, Noah J. Efron, Richard England, Martin Fichman, Maurice A. Finocchiaro, Menachem Fish, Bernard R. Goldstein, Bernard Lightman, Margaret J. Osler F. Jamil Ragep, Phillip R. Sloan, Stephen Snobelen, Jitse M. van der Meer, Stephen J. Wykstra,Osiris, Volume 16: Science in Theistic Contexts: Cognitive Dimensions, 1 was published 2001 under ISBN 9780226075648 and ISBN 0226075648.