Julian Jaynes was born in West Newton, Massachusetts, in 1920. He attended Harvard University and received his bachelor's degree from McGill University and his master's and doctoral degrees in psychology from Yale University. Dr. Jaynes lectured in the psychology department at Princeton University from 1966 to 1990. He published articles widely, focusing during the early part of his career on the study of animal behaviour. He later redirected the scope of his thinking and energy to the study of human consciousness, culminating in his groundbreaking and only published book, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, which was nominated for the National Book Award in 1978. The book is considered by many to be one of the most significant and controversial books of the twentieth century. Dr. Jaynes suffered a fatal stroke on November 21, 1997.Jaynes, Julian is the author of 'Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind', published 2000 under ISBN 9780618057078 and ISBN 0618057072.