Molecular markers have opened exciting new windows through which to view the natural biological world. In this book, John Avise addresses the many applications for genetic markers (from polymorphic proteins to DNA) from the perspectives of population biology, behavioural ecology, organismal evolution and phylogeny. The book is taxonomically balanced with numerous examples from plants, animals, and microbes. It is also temporally balanced with examples ranging from assessments of genetic parentage and kinship in the most recent generations to phylogenetic assessments deep in the Tree of Life (and nearly everything in-between). This Second Edition of a seminal work brings the reader up-to-date with the many dramatic advances and insights made over the last decade. Furthermore, by retaining descriptions of many pioneering works, it also traces the empirical and conceptual roots of each subject, thereby providing a rich sense of the field's history. Appropriate for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and scientists in such disciplines as ecology, genetics, population biology, ethology, molecular biology, systematics, and conservation biology, this new edition is for anyone interested in the application of molecular markers to organisms in the wild.Avise, John C. is the author of 'Molecular Markers, Natural History and Evolution ', published 2004 under ISBN 9780878930418 and ISBN 0878930418.