This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS-SIAM-IMS Joint Summer Research Conference on Modeling the Dynamics of Human Diseases: Emerging Paradigms and Challenges, held in Snowbird, Utah, July 17-21, 2005. The goal of the conference was to bring together leading and upcoming researchers to discuss the latest advances and challenges associated with the modeling of the dynamics of emerging and re-emerging diseases, and to explore various control strategies. The articles included in this book are devoted to some of the significant recent advances, trends, and challenges associated with the mathematical modeling and analysis of the dynamics and control of some diseases of public health importance. In addition to illustrating many of the diverse prevailing epidemiological challenges, together with the diversity of mathematical approaches needed to address them, this book provides insights on a number of topical modeling issues such as the modeling and control of mosquito-borne diseases, respiratory diseases, animal diseases (such as foot-and-mouth disease), cancer and tumor growth modeling, influenza, HIV, HPV, rotavirus, etc. This book also touches upon other important topics such as the use of modeling iAbba Gumel is the author of 'Mathematical Studies on Human Disease Dynamics: Emerging Paradigms and Challenges (Contemporary Mathematics)', published 2006 under ISBN 9780821837757 and ISBN 0821837753.