I. Educational Reformers and Their Critics 1. Goals and Curricular Connections ''Clarifying the Mission of the American High School'', Ernest L. Boyer ''Educational Goals and Curricular Decisions in the New Carnegie Report'', John Martin Rich Recent Major Reports on Education Evaluations of Major Reports on Education 2. Restructuring Secondary Schools ''Essential Schools: A First Look'', Theodore R. Sizer ''Teaching and Learning: The Dilemma of the American High School'', Chester E. Finn, Jr. Discussion Questions and Activities Suggested Readings 3. The Paideia Proposal ''The Paideia Proposal: Rediscovering the Essence of Education'', Mortimer Adler ''The Paideia Proposal: Noble Ambitions, False Leads, and Symbolic Politics'', Willis D. Hawley 4. Cultural Literacy ''Cultural Literacy: Let's Get Specific'', E.D. Hirsch, Jr. ''Cultural Literacy: What Every Educator Needs to Know'', Thomas H. Estes, Carol J. Gutman, and Elise K. Harrison 5. Politics, Organization, and School Choice ''A Blueprint for Public Education'', John E. Chubb ''Should Market Forces Control Educational Decision Making'', Jack Tweedie 6. The Emancipation of Teaching ''eachers as Transformative Intellectuals'', Henry A. Giroux ''Dilemma Language'', Colin Lacey Further Thoughts on Reformers II. Innovations and Alternatives 7. Educational Equity through Financial Reform ''Rich Schools, Poor Schools: The Persistence of Unequal Education'', Arthur E. Wise and Tamar Gendler ''Partial Privatization of Public School Finance'', Thomas G. Fox and John Riew 8. Private Schools ''Quality and Equality in American Education: Public and Catholic Schools'', James S. Coleman ''Oranges Plus Apples, Dr. Coleman, Gives You Oranges Plus Apples'', Joseph Rogers 9. School-Based Management ''Synthesis of Research on School-Based Management'', Jane L. David ''Unfulfilled Promises'', Betty Malen, Rodney T. Ogawa, and Jennifer Kranz Discussion Questions and Activities Suggested Readings 10. Effective Schools ''Effective High Schools -- What Are the Common Characteristics?'', Joseph Murphy and Philip Hallinger ''Effective Schools: A Friendly But Cautionary Note'', Larry Cuban 11. Magnet Schools ''In Education, Magnets Attract Controversy'', Mary Haywood Metz ''Schools of Choice: A Path to Educational Quality or 'Tiers of Inequality'?'', Kathleen Sylvester 12. Teacher Education ''Interesting Times'', Alan H. Jones ''Making a Difference in Educational Quality Through Teacher Education'', Carolyn M. Evertson, Willis D. Hawley, and Marilyn Zlotnik 13. Career Ladders ''Developing a Career Ladder: Getting Down to the Basics'', Thomas Deering ''The Career Ladder and Lattice: A New Look at the Teaching Career'', Timothy J.L. Chandler, Stacey L. Lane, Janice M. Bibik, and Bernard Oliver 14. Bilingual Education ''Equity, Quality, and Effectiveness in Bilingual Education'', George Blanco ''Bilingual-No!'', Muriel Paskin Carrison 15. Multicultural Education ''Multiethnic Education and the Quest for Equality'', James A. Banks ''The Limits of Pluralism'', M. Donald Thomas 16. Mainstreaming ''The Case for Keeping Mentally Retarded in Your Regular Classrooms'', Martin Tonn ''Mainstreaming: A Formative Consideration'', Harry N. Chandler 17. Educating the Gifted ''Reflections on Three Decades of Education of the Gifted'', A. Harry Passow ''Equity vs. Excellence: An Educational Drama'', James J. Gallagher Further Thoughts on Innovations and Alternatives Appendix IndexRich, John M. is the author of 'Innovations in Education' with ISBN 9780205132997 and ISBN 0205132995.