The Nerangestan, the Book of Ritual Directions, follows the Herbedestan in the manuscripts but is in fact a separate text, dealing with matters of ritual where the Herbedestan is mainly concerned with religious education. Both texts belong to the learned tradition of Zoroastrianism, and the lengthy passages of Pahlavi commentary are often more illuminating than the terse Avestan sentences. Still, few parts of the text make easy reading; most Western Iranists have at best a passing acquaintance with the various Zoroastrian rituals, while the Nerangestan was intended to elucidate points which seemed obscure even to the practising priests of its time. The Second Fragard of the Nerangestan is based on the Teachings of Sosans, but was probably written down in its present form several generations after this great Commentator. It is by far the longest extant chapter of the text, and the wealth of information it contains affords new insights into several aspects of the religious and ritual life of the Zoroastrian community.Kotwal, Firoze M. is the author of 'Herbedestan And Nerangestan Nerangestan, Fragard 2', published 2005 under ISBN 9782910640163 and ISBN 2910640167.