This book is a natural outgrowth of Fuzzy Sets, Uncertainty, and Information by George J. Klir and Tina A. Folger (Prentice Hall, 1988). It reflects the tremendous advances that have taken place in the areas of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic during the period 1988-1995. Captured in the book are not only theoretical advances in these areas, but a broad variety of applications of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic as well. The primary purpose of the book is to facilitate education in the increasingly important areas of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic. It is written as a text for a course at the graduate or upper-division undergraduate level. Although there is enough material in the text for a two- semester course, relevant material may be selected, according to the needs of each individual program, for a one-semester course. The text is also suitable for self study and for short, intensive courses of continuing education. No previous knowledge of fuzzy set theory or fuzzy logic is required for an understanding of the material in this text. Although we assume that the reader is familiar with the basic notions of classical (nonfuzzy) set theory, classical (two-valued) logic, and probability theory, fundamentals of these subject areas are briefly overviewed in the book. Basic ideas of neural networks, genetic algorithms, and rough sets, which are occasionally needed in the text, are provided in Appendices A-C. This makes the book virtually self-contained. Theoretical aspects of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic are covered in the first nine chapters, which are designated Part I of the text. Elementary concepts, including basic types of fuzzy sets, are introduced in Chapter 1, which also contains a discussion of the meaning and significance of the emergence of fuzzy set theory. Connections between fuzzy sets and crisp sets are examined in Chapter 2. It shows how fuzzy sets can be represented by families of crisp sets and how classical mathematical functions can be fuzzified. Chapter 3 deals with the various aggregation operations on fuzzy sets. It covers general fuzzy complements, fuzzy intersections (t-norns), fuzzy unions (t-conorms), and averaging operations. Fuzzy numbers and arithmetic operations on fuzzy numbers are covered in Chapter 4, where also the concepts of linguistic variables and fuzzy equations are introduced and examined. Basic concepts of fuzzy relations are introduced in Chapter 5 and employed in Chapter 6 for the study of fuzzy relation equations, an important tool for many applications of fuzzy set theory. Chapter 7 deals with possibility theory and its intimate connection with fuzzy set theory. The position of possibility theory within the broader framework of fuzzy measure theory is also examined. Chapter 8 overviews basic aspects of fuzzy logic, including its connection to classical multivalued logics, the various types of fuzzy propositions, and basic types of fuzzy inference rules. Chapter 9, the last chapter in Part I, is devoted to the examination of the connection between uncertainty and information, as represented by fuzzy sets, possibility theory, or evidence theory. The chapter shows how relevant uncertainty and uncertainty-based information can be measured and how these uncertainty measures can be utilized. A Glossary of Key Concepts (Appendix E) and A Glossary of Symbols (Appendix F) are included to help the reader to quickly find the meaning of a concept or a symbol. Part II, which is devoted to applications of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic, consists of the remaining eight chapters. Chapter 10 examines various methods for constructing membership functions of fuzzy sets, including the increasingly popular use of neural networks. Chapter 11 is devoted to the use of fuzzy logic for approximate reasoning in expert systems. It includes a thorough examination of the concept of a fuzzy implication. Fuzzy systems are covered in Chapter 12, including fuzzy controllers, fKlir, George J. is the author of 'Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic Theory and Applications' with ISBN 9780131011717 and ISBN 0131011715.