Contents 1. Educating the Exceptional Child The Exceptional Child The Context of the Exceptional Child The Influence of Culture and Community 2. Exceptional Children and Social Institutions: Schools, Government, and the Courts A Historical Perspective The Exceptional Child and the School Ecology of the Child Government: A Support Sytem of Educational Services The Role of the Courts Transition Conclusion 3. Early Intervention: Priorities and Programs Overview of Early Intervention Why Early Intervention? What Puts Children at Risk? Environmental Risks Prevention Before Birth Detecting Disabilities After Birth Early Intervention Programs Transition The Family-Centered Approach and Cultural Diversity 4. Children Who Are Gifted and Talented Definitions Components of Intellectual Competence One Gift or Many? Factors That Contribute to Giftedness and Talent Studies of Students Who Are Gifted The Challenges Associated with Giftedness Identification Special Groups of Children Who Are Gifted Transition Family and Lifespan Issues 5. Children with Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Definition Genetic and Environmental Factors Characteristics of Children with Mental Retardation or Developmental Disabilities Identification Prevention of Mental Retardation Transition Family and Lifespan Issues 6. Children with Learning Disabilities A Historical Overview Definitions Prevalence Is There a Single Cause? Characteristics of Children with Learning Disabilities Classification of Learning Disabilities Identification and Assessment Transition Diversity Family and Lifespan Issues 7. Children with Emotional and Behavior Disorders Definition History Factors Related to Behavior Problems Classifications and Characteristics Identification and Placement Intervention Strategies Transition from School to Work Family and Lifespan Issues 8. Children with Communication Disorders in Speech and Language Definitions Differences Between Speech Disorders and Language Disorders The Elements of Verbal Language Prevalence of Communication Disorders Language Development Classification of Communication Disorders Developmental Delay in Communication Identification and Assessment Transition Family and Lifespan Issues 9. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Definition History Prevalence Causes and Characteristics Ecology of the Child Transition Family and Lifespan 10. Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Definitions Prevalence of Hearing Loss Causes of Hearing Loss Characteristics of Children with Hearing Loss The School's Role in Identification Testing Hearing Loss Transition Family and Lifespan Issues 11. Children with Visual Impairments Definitions The Human Eye Causes of Visual Impairments Characteristics of Children with Visual Impairments Early Intervention Identification and Assessment A National Agenda Transition Family and Lifespan Issues 12. Children with Multiple and Severe Disabilities Definition Prevalence of Multiple and Severe Disabilities Causes of Multiple and Severe Disabilities Characteristics of Children with Multiple and Severe Disabilities Early Intervention--Multiple and Severe Disabilities Identification of Children with Multiple and Severe Disabilities Transition Family and Lifespan Issues 13. Children with Physical Disabilities and Health Impairments Definitions Prevalence of Physical Disabilities and Health Impairments Causes of Physical Disabilities and Health Impairments Classification and Characteristics Early Intervention Identification of Children with Physical Disabilities and Health Impairments Transition Family and Lifespan Issues Glossary References Name/Source Index Subject IndexJames J. Gallagher is the author of 'Educating Exceptional Children Tenth Edition', published 2002 under ISBN 9780618214761 and ISBN 0618214763.