"Johnston contends that the Chinese classics stressed the value of violent solutions to security conflicts and of offensive over defensive strategies. True, they also called for flexibility, for using noncoercive means when confronting a more powerful enemy--but only as an expedient, until China could be sure of prevailing. Negotiations were a device for delaying action until the moment was auspicious. The goal would remain annihilation of the enemy. Johnston concludes that there was no pacifist bias in the Chinese strategic tradition but only realpolitik sometimes cloaked in Confucian-Mencian rationalizations."Johnston, Alastair I. is the author of 'Cultural Realism Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Ming China', published 1998 under ISBN 9780691002392 and ISBN 0691002398.
With our dedicated customer support team, 30-day no-questions-asked return policy, and our price match guarantee, you can rest easy knowing that we're doing everything we can to save you time, money, and stress.
Book condition guidelines
New (perfect condition)
Pages are clean and are not marked by notes, highlighting or fold.
Like new (excellent condition)
Pages are clean and are not marked by notes, highlighting or folds.
Very good (good condition)
Pages are intact and may have minimal notes and/or highlighting or folds.
Good (clean condition)
All pages and the cover is intact. The spine may show signs of wear. Pages include notes and/or highlighting.
Acceptable (readable condition)
All pages and the cover is intact. Pages include considerable notes in pen or highlighter, but the text is not obscured.
How do rentals work?
Save up to 90% on the largest selection of textbook rentals in the business. We have the lowest prices - guaranteed.
Choose between standard or expedited shipping to make sure that your textbooks arrive in time for class.
Return for free!
When your books are due, just pack them up and ship them back. And don't worry about shipping - it's absolutely free!