Counseling Treatment for Children and Adolescents Diagnosed withDSM-IV TRDisordersis designed to enable counselors to better understand the needs of children and adolescents who might be diagnosed with aDSM-IV-TRdisorder. This book focuses on providing clinical information and data on behavioral disorders to people who are preparing to become counselors in mental health centers, community clinics, public schools, college counseling centers, hospital settings, government agencies, juvenile correction facilities, or private practice. Counselors from the beginning student to the more experienced counselor can learn more about the field of behavioral disorders from this book. However, it is important for readers to recognize that the broader or overarching concept of the book is to emphasize thatDSM-IV-TRdisorders are most often the result of a multifactorial causative process. It is increasingly the message of clinical research that we need to redirect our thinking from a unitary or single cause model for disordered behavior to the consideration of multiple variables or factors. For example, important factors that counselors must carefully consider are developmental stages, environmental influences, biological or genetic contributions, socioeconomic influences, and culture. Each of these has an interwoven and causative part to play in every individual's life. Ultimately, the reasoning that all psychological or psychiatric diagnoses are the result of what can be described as a multifactorial causative process should become our guide. It is widely recognized, for example, that a comprehensive or holistic view of childhood disorders must involve a careful consideration of developmental factors. Researchers consider development and the timing of environmental events (e.g., positive, negative) in the lives of individuals to be inseparable and that they might have consequences across the individual's life span. Therefore, the issue of development is important to consider with respect to all the "factors" that are involved in the development of child psychopathology. Inherent in a multifactorial causative process are three overriding propositions for counselors who recognize the importance of the developmental perspective. First is the conviction thatDSM-IV-TRdisorders, conditions, or problematic behaviors are connected to and best conceptualized within a "developmental" context. Accumulating knowledge tends to support this belief; however, there is much more to be known or discovered. Second, there can be no doubt about the strong "interactional and reciprocal" causes involved in both positive and maladaptive behavior. A large number of variables such as family, school, social status, and culture, often operate as profound influences and cannot be discounted. Third, and last, "empirical approaches" to the study and understanding of psychopathology in children or adolescents demand that we know more about the complexity of human behavior in the clients we serve. It is beyond the scope of this book to cover all the disorders or conditions found in each of the respective sections of theDSM-IV-TR.Instead, the most common ones (e.g., those most often discussed in research literature and diagnosed in children or adolescents) were chosen for discussion. Still, readers will come away with a clear, concise, systematic, and up-to-date understanding of what is known about these disorders or conditions. PURPOSE OF THIS BOOK The interest in mental disorders or psychopathology in children and adolescents has steadily grown. New findings from the clinical literature have challenged older theoretical or conceptual models of mental disorders. We can surely say we know more today about mental disorders and psychopathology than just a decade ago. The overriding purpose of the book is to capture the interest in this rapidly evolving state, of affairs for counseling students and iErk, Robert R. is the author of 'Counseling Treatment for Children and Adolescents With Dsm-Iv-Tr Disorders' with ISBN 9780130848130 and ISBN 0130848131.