Barbara A. Bardes is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Cincinnati. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree and Master of Arts degree from Kent State University, and her Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati. She held a faculty position at Loyola University in Chicago for many years before returning to Cincinnati, her hometown, as a college administrator. Bardes has written articles on public opinion and foreign policy, and on women and politics. She has authored Thinking About Public Policy and Declarations of Independence: Women and Political Power in Nineteenth-Century American Novels, and co-authored Public Opinion: Measuring the American Mind.Steffen W. Schmidt is the author of 'Cengage Advantage Books: American Government and Politics Today, Brief Edition, 2008-2009', published 2008 under ISBN 9780495503224 and ISBN 0495503223.