All teachers want their students to become independent learners, but even motivated students are reluctant to take responsibility for their own learning. So what every teacher needs is this book's tried-and-true method for gradually enabling students to take on more of the ?work? of classroom learning. Two experienced teachers describe a purposeful classroom structure that relies on four phases: * Focus lessons that establish a purpose for learning and model the way you want students to work * Guided instruction with small groups * Collaborative learning that uses discussion and negotiation to create independent work * Independent work that draws on students? prior knowledge Included with the description of each phase are lots of practical strategies that help teachers use this approach, plus tips on how to differentiate instruction, make effective use of class time, and plan backwards from learning objectives.Fisher, Douglas is the author of 'Better Learning through Structured Teaching', published 2008 under ISBN 9781416606352 and ISBN 1416606351.