Dr. Paul Richer (1849-1933), a distinguished artist and scientist, was a professor of creative anatomy at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris and a member of the city's Institute of Medicine. Robern Beverly Hale(1901-1985), who ended his career as curator emeritus of American painting and sculpture at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, was an instructor of anatomy at the Art Students League for 40 years. His famous lectures, illustrated with life-size drawings that he created on the spot, have been compiled and edited by Terence Coyle and published inMaster Class in Figure Drawing. Hale's other books includeDrawing Lessons from the Great MastersandAnatomy Lessons from the Great Masters.Dr. Paul Richer is the author of 'Artistic Anatomy', published 1986 under ISBN 9780823002979 and ISBN 0823002977.