Today's broad field of early childhood education offers many programs and approaches. An understanding of the varied approaches and current research is crucial for effective practice. Public awareness of the importance of educating young children has grown in the public awareness in recent years, applying greater pressure to provide high-quality early childhood programs. Surveying the many approaches, from old to new, both American and European, avthis text enhances students' abilities in order to meet the many challenges facing the profession. This new edition explores the important topic of developmental science and prevention research in practice and policy as well as the relationship between early childhood education standards and curricular activities. Some chapters also address how various approaches are making way for an aligned and coordinated preschool to third-grade system. This text addresses current tensions within in early childhood education and cCoversing new developments in curricula, methods, and assessment strategies., By clarifying and addressing current tensions indefinitions, identities, functions, and boundaries, it helps readers stay on the cutting edge of the field. New Chapters in the 5th Edition: "Early Prevention Initiatives," by Karen L. Bierman, Celene Domitrovich, and Harriet Darling, The Pennsylvania State University "Early Development and Education Programs in Public School," by James E. Johnson and Jennifer Chestnut, The Pennsylvania State University "Tools of the Mind: The Vygotskian Approach to Early Childhood Education," by Elena Bodrova, Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning, and Deborah J. Leong, Metro State CollegeRoopnarine, Jaipaul is the author of 'Approaches to Early Childhood Education', published 2008 under ISBN 9780135126288 and ISBN 0135126282.