11. Post Civil War Reconstruction: A New National Era. Postwar Reconstruction. Elected Black Leaders. Citizenship and Suffrage. The Freedman's Bank. Washington, D.C. in the "New National Era." The End of Reconstruction. Migration. First Person: Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Outlines a Plan. First Person: Madison Hemings Recalls his Family History. First Person: The New National Era reports Washington Social Life. First Person: Simon Smith Laments the End of Hope. First Person: John E. Bruce Promotes Africa. 12. The Post-Reconstruction South. Education to Make a Living and a Life. The Lure of Cities. The Economics and Politics of Unity. Finding a Place to Uplift the Race. Terror and Accommodation. First Person: Blanche K. Bruce on American Indians. First Person: Alexander Crummell Pleads for Women of the South. First Person: Timothy Thomas Fortune's View of Labor. First Person: Anna Julia Cooper on Black Womens Progres.s First Person: Booker T. Washington Predicts a "New Heaven." 13. "Colored" Becomes "Negro" in the Progressive Era. Racial Segregation. The Problem of the Color Line. Accommodation or Agitation? Black Culture. Black Progress. The "New Abolition." First Person: Lucy Laney on Negro Women's Education. First Person: W.E.B. DuBois Eulogizes his Rival. First Person: Paul Laurence Dunbar Tells the African American Story. First Person: Fred Johnson Remembers his Youth. First Person: William Bulkley on Race and Economics. 14. The Making of the "New Negro": From World War I to the Great Depression. "Over There" . . . and Back Here. The Challenge of Garveyism. New Beginnings in the Urban North and West. The Harlem Renaissance and "New Negro." The Jazz Age. The Crisis of the Late 1920s. First Person: Asa Philip Randolph Demands a New Ministry. First Person: Marcus Garvey Reconceives Christianity. First Person: Alice Moore Dunbar-Nelson Trains Black Speakers. First Person:Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner is the author of 'African American Lives: The Struggle for Freedom, Volume II', published 2004 under ISBN 9780201794892 and ISBN 0201794896.