Chemistry The Molecular Nature of Matter And ChangeAuthor:
Publisher: McGraw-Hill College
Summary: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change 1 Keys to the Study of Chemistry 1.1 Some Fundamental Definitions The Properties of Matter The Three States of Matter The Central Theme in Chemistry The Importance of Energy in the Study of Matter 1.2 Chemical Arts and the Origins of Modern Chemistry Prechemical Traditions The Phlogiston Fiasco and the Impact of Lavoisier 1.3 The Scientific Approach: Developing a M...odel 1.4 Chemical Problem Solving Units and Conversion Factors in Calculations A Systematic Approach to Solving Chemistry Problems 1.5 Measurement in Scientific Study General Features of SI Units Some Important SI Units in Chemistry 1.6 Uncertainty in Measurement: Significant Figures Determining Which Digits Are Significant Working with Significant Figures in Calculations Precision, Accuracy, and Instrument Calibration Chapter Perspective Chemical Connections to Interdisciplinary Science:Chemistry Problem Solving in the Real World For Review and Reference Problems 2 The Components of Matter 2.1 Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures: An Atomic Overview 2.2 The Observations That Led to an Atomic View of Matter 2.3 Dalton's Atomic Theory Postulates of the Atomic Theory How the Theory Explains the Mass Laws The Relative Masses of Atoms 2.4 The Observations That Led to the Nuclear Atom Model Discovery of the Electron and Its Properties Discovery of the Atomic Nucleus 2.5 The Atomic Theory Today Structure of the Atom Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Atomic Symbol Isotopes and Atomic Masses of the Elements Tools of the Laboratory: Mass Spectrometry A Modern Reassessment of the Atomic Theory 2.6 Elements: A First Look at the Periodic Table 2.7 Compounds: Introduction to Bonding The Formation of Ionic Compounds The Formation of Covalent Compounds The Elements of Life 2.8 Compounds: Formulas, Names, and Masses Types of Chemical Formulas Some Advice about Learning Names and Formulas Names and Formulas of Ionic Compounds Names and Formulas of Binary Covalent Compounds An Introduction to Naming Organic Compounds Molecular Masses from Chemical Formulas Gallery: Picturing Molecules 2.9 Mixtures: Classification and Separation Tools of the Laboratory: Basic Separation Techniques Chapter Perspective For Review and Reference Problems 3 Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations 3.1 The Mole Defining the Mole Molar Mass Interconverting Moles, Mass, and Number of Chemical Entities Mass Percent from the Chemical Formula 3.2 Determining the Formula of an Unknown Compound Empirical Formulas Molecular Formulas Chemical Formulas and Molecular Structures 3.3 Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations 3.4 Calculating Amounts of Reactant and Product Stoichiometrically Equivalent Molar Ratios from the Balanced Equation Chemical Reactions That Occur in a Sequence Chemical Reactions That Involve a Limiting Reactant Chemical Reactions in Practice: Theoretical, Actual, and Percent Yields 3.5 Fundamentals of Solution Stoichiometry Expressing Concentration in Terms of Molarity Mole-Mass-Number Conversions Involving Solutions Preparing and Diluting Molar Solutions Stoichiometry of Chemical Reactions in Solution Chapter Perspective For Review and Reference Problems 4 The Major Classes of Chemical Reactions 4.1 The Role of Water as a Solvent The Polar Nature of Water Ionic Compounds in Water Covalent Compounds in Water 4.2 Writing Equations for Aqueous Ionic Reactions 4.3 Precipitation Reactions The Key Event: Formation of a Solid from Dissolved Ions Predicting Whether a Precipitate Will Form 4.4 Acid-Base Reactions The Key Event: Formation of H2O from H+ and OH Acid-Base Titrations Proton Transfer: A Closer Look at Acid-Base Reactions 4.5 Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Reactions The Key Event: Movement of Electrons Between Reactants Some Essential Redox Terminology Using Oxidation Numbers to Monitor the Movement of Electron Charge Balancing Redox Equations Redox Titrations 4.6 Elements in Redox Reactions 4.7 Reversible Reactions: An Introduction to Chemical Equilibrium Chapter Perspective For Review and Reference Problems 5 Gases and the Kinetic-Molecular Theory 5.1 An Overview of the Physical States of Matter 5.2 Gas Pressure and Its Measurement Laboratory Devices for Measuring Gas Pressure Units of Pressure 5.3 The Gas Laws and Their Experimental Foundations The Relationship Between Volume and Pressure: Boyle's Law The Relationship Between Volume and Temperature: Charles's Law The Relationship Between Volume and Amount: Avogardro's Law Gas Behavior at Standard Conditions The Ideal Gas Solving Gas Law Problems 5.4 Further Applications of the Ideal Gas Law The Density of a Gas The Molar Mass of a Gas The Partial Pressure of a Gas in a Mixture of Gases 5.5 The Ideal Gas Law and Reaction Stoichiometry 5.6 The Kinetic-Molecular Theory: A Model for Gas Behavior How the Kinetic-Molecular Theory Explains the Gas Laws Effusion and Diffusion The Chaotic World of Gases: Mean Free Path and Collision Frequency Chemical Connections to Planetary Science: Structure and Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere 5.7 Real Gases: Deviations from Ideal Behavior Chapter Perspective For Review and Reference Problems 6 Thermochemistry: Energy Flow and Chemical Change 6.1 Forms of Energy and Their Interconversion The System and Its Surroundings Energy Flow to and from a System Heat and Work: Two Forms of Energy Transfer The Law of Energy Conservation Units of Energy State Functions and the Path Independence of the Energy Change 6.2 Enthalpy: Heats of Reaction and Chemical Change The Meaning of Enthalpy Comparing E and H Exothermic and Endothermic Processes Some Important Types of Enthalpy Change 6.3 Calorimetry: Laboratory Measurement of Heats of Reaction Specific Heat Capacity The Practice of Calorimetry 6.4 Stoichiometry of Thermochemical Equations 6.5 Hess's Law of Heat Summation 6.6 Standard Heats of Reaction (Hrxn0) Formation Equations and Their Standard Enthalpy Changes Determining Hrxn0 from Hf0 Values of Reactants and Products Chemical Connections to Environmental Science: The Future of Energy Use Chapter Perspective For Review and Reference Problems 7 Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure 7.1 The Nature of Light The Wave Nature of Light The Particle Nature of Light 7.2 Atomic Spectra The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom [read more]
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